Wednesday, June 29, 2016

Food Monopoly Aimed at Controlling Population Destroys Environment and Poses Serious Threat to Human Health

Food Monopoly Aimed at Controlling Population Destroys Environment and Poses Serious Threat to Human Health

June 28, 2016 |By Dr. Mercola



"Control oil and you control nations; control food and you control the people." ~ Henry Kissinger, Ph.D.
"In so many poorer countries food is money, food is power." ~ Catherine Bertini, executive director of the U.N.'s World Food Program1
Yes, food is power, and all around the world we now see how the monopolization of the food supply has created a vast gulf between the "have" and the "have nots." Far from fostering greater food security, we've become more food insecure than ever before.
It's quite simple really. If you have access to clean, nutritious food, you survive and thrive. If you don't, disease and premature death is your lot.   Today, malnutrition is not a problem relegated to developing countries. Never before have affluent nations had so many malnourished yet obese people — a paradox rooted in a poor and toxic diet, churned out by industrial crop growers, concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) and fish farms.
The strategy to control people by controlling the food supply, first through the conversion from many small farms to fewer, gigantic farming operations and associated price fixing schemes, and later through the creation of genetically engineered (GE) seeds, effectively destroyed family farming both in the U.S. and abroad.
It wasn't that long ago (2011) that a class-action lawsuit on behalf of consumers was filed against a number of dairy companies and trade groups, charging they killed more than half a million young cows in order to artificially inflate the price of milk — a classic price fixing scheme, and certainly not the first, nor likely the last.2,3
In 2013, the Dairy Farmers of America (DFA) paid a $158.6 million fine to settle a 2007 lawsuit alleging the DFA conspired with a number of companies to suppress milk prices by closing bottling plants and stifling competition.4

Consolidation, Concentration, and Monopolization

Today, 95 percent of all grain reserves in the world are controlled by just six multinational agribusinesses.5 The same concentration of power can be seen all through agriculture, from beef packers (four companies) to flour milling (four companies) and pork packers (four companies).6
As noted by The Natural Farmer, this consolidation and concentration has occurred through horizontal integration, vertical integration, and global expansion.7
Along with the destruction of family farms we also lost a tremendous amount of diversity, both in terms of the types of foods grown and the flora and fauna existing in the areas surrounding the farms.
All of this, and more, has occurred under the guise of improving food availability and safety. Yet all of these "improvements" have led to nothing but corruption, destruction and disease.
Worst of all, these corporations have become so wealthy and (as a result) politically powerful, that in order to really affect change, we must do it from the ground up, by altering our daily shopping habits.

Support House and Senate 'Meat Processing Revival' Bills

Slaughterhouse consolidation is particularly problematic for small farmers specializing in organic and pastured meats. As noted by National Public Radio (NPR) last year:8
"Under the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906, farmers who want to sell meat commercially across state lines must get their animals slaughtered and processed at a meat plant that has been approved by the USDA.
Government meat inspectors are required to be on the floor anytime those plants are operating.
To make it easier for more homegrown meat to reach consumers, a small but vocal group of farmers and local food advocates is trying to change federal meat inspection law."
March 8, 2016 Senators Angus King (I-ME) and Rand Paul (R-KY) introduced the Processing Revival and Intrastate Meat Exemption (PRIME) Act (S. 2651), which would allow states to permit sale of meat processed locally, thereby making it easier for small farms and ranches to serve their consumers.9
Representatives Thomas Massie (R-KY) and Chellie Pingree (D-ME) introduced an identical bill, H.R. 3187,10 in the House of Representatives last summer. I encourage you to call your senators and urge them to support the PRIME Act.
You can find their contact information by clicking the button below, or by calling the Capitol Switchboard at 202-224-3121.

Plant Species and Food Choices Are Dwindling

As noted by Irish Times,11 more than one-fifth of all plant species are now threatened with extinction. Reasons why include out-of-control plant diseases and changes in climate.
But factory farming is also a significant contributing factor. In fact, factory farming in and of itself is an "anti-biotic" in that it is "against life."
Chemical monocropping (the repeated growing of a single crop on a vast amount of land using chemical additives like fertilizers and pesticides) prematurely denatures the soil, promotes "super pests" and "super weeds," and destroys diversity of both plants and insects in the wild, not to mention curtail food choices at your local grocery store.

Pesticide Exposure From Food Is Now a Serious Threat to Health

More than 1.1 billion pounds of pesticides are used on U.S. farmlands each year,12and chemical exposure through food is now a serious health threat.
Worldwide, 5.2 billion pounds of pesticides are used each year, and many of these chemicals are either known or suspected to be harmful to human health. As noted by Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR):13
"The required toxicity studies do not include many important endpoints such as immune system toxicity, endocrine system disruptions, learning deficits, or chronic illnesses.
Yet, all of these endpoints have been linked to pesticide exposure. Harm also occurs because pesticides are reviewed only every 15 years, leaving long lag times between science and regulations.
Recent Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) research revealed another problem with pesticide regulation: the majority of pesticide products are granted "conditional registrations" without all required information.
Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) own analysis confirmed NRDC's findings that 69 percent, or 11,000, of all 16,000 pesticide registrations are conditional. An NRDC report of this problem is currently in preparation.
The failure of conditional registrations was highlighted this summer when the conditionally approved herbicide Imprelis® was linked to tree deaths around the country, prompting the manufacturer, DuPont, to recall the pesticide."

Industrial Agribusinesses Destroy Family Farms and Quality Foods

In North Dakota, a 1932 state law banning nonfamily corporations from owning farmland or operating farms has been challenged by agribusiness lobbyists, calling the law discriminatory and unconstitutional.
In March 2015, the state Legislature passed a bill that would "relax the corporate farming ban," The New York Times (NYT) writes,14 adding that North Dakota residents are now voting on a referendum that would allow corporate farms to buy up and displace many of the 30,000 family farmers currently in business.
"A vote against the measure would repeal the new legislation and restore the law that had governed farm and dairy operations in the state for more than eight decades. 
While the debate is very much focused on maintaining the character of North Dakota, it also taps into widespread fears about the disappearance of family farms throughout the United States and the spread of big corporations and their farming methods into rural America," The NYT writes.
Such fears are well-founded. But farmers are not the only ones who should be concerned about industrial agribusinesses taking over. This is an issue that affects every single person who likes to eat food. Monoculture and livestock CAFOs do not make food tastier and/or more nutritious. Nor do they make it safer.
On the contrary, factory farms produce inferior quality food that is far more prone to cause foodborne outbreaks and spreadpandemic diseases among farm animals (and in some cases among humans too).
It's important to understand that human life is interrelated with the environment, and most epidemics, such as AIDS, Ebola, West Nile, SARS, and Lyme disease, just to name a few, are a direct result of man's failure to live in harmony with nature. By severely disrupting our environment, we create our own demise.
We now know that CAFOs create a negative feedback loop where safety hazards are compounded and spread around, affecting animals, humans and the environment in equal measure.

CAFOS and Processing Monopolies Promote and Cause Deadly Outbreaks

The congregation of thousands or tens of thousands of animals in confined spaces is a recipe for disease, and CAFOs have become notorious for spreading pandemic diseases and causing serious food outbreaks. Now the situation is being ratcheted up another notch, with the presence of bacteria equipped with the much-feared mcr-1 gene — a gene that confers resistance to antibiotics of last resort.
First discovered in China last year,15,16,17 it's now been detected in Europe, Scandinavia,18 and most recently, in the U.S. The first American report occurred in March, when the gene was found in a pork sample from a slaughterhouse in South Carolina. In May, Escherichia coli (E.coli) carrying the gene was discovered in a pork sample collected in an Illinois slaughterhouse, as well as in a Pennsylvania patient admitted with an E. coli infection.19,20,21 As noted by The Washington Post:22
"Each of the three U.S. cases involves different strains of E. coli. The latest animal case suggests the gene is already circulating through multiple routes here ... In all three cases here, the gene was carried on a plasmid, a mobile piece of DNA that easily can transfer the gene to other bacteria. That would result in a kind of super-superbug, invincible to every life-saving antibiotic available."

Foodborne Illness Kills 5,000 Americans Each Year

According to the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), foodborne diseases cause about 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths in the U.S. each year, costing the health care system as much as $6 billion in direct medical expenses and lost productivity.23
Bacteria account for 75 percent of the outbreaks, with Salmonella being the most common culprit. However, in the past two decades, a number of "previously unrecognized" foodborne pathogens have emerged, including:
Campylobacter jejuni (poultry products)
Listeria monocytogenes (dairy products)
Clostridium botulinum
Shigella
Escherichia coli 0157:H7 (ground beef)
Bacillus cereus
Clostridium perfringens (beef)
Staphylococcus aureus (pork)
There's no telling what the death toll might amount to should many or all of these foodborne pathogens develop antibiotic resistance, but it might be a fair guess that many of the hundreds of thousands hospitalized might not recover.
Part of what's causing foodborne illness rates to rise relates to the centralization of meat processing, coupled with outdated slaughterhouse inspection rules. Since 1906, meat inspection has relied on noticing changes in the sight, smell, or feel of the meat. But foodborne microorganisms cannot be detected this way.
The Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point program (HACCP) was created to identify areas in the food processing chain where contamination might take place, and based on the findings of the HACCP, procedures such as using microbiological tests at key control points have been developed. However, the program is useless unless microbial control is mandated.
At present, slaughter line speeds are too fast to perform these tests, and few are willing to voluntarily comply with them as slowing down the pace cuts into profits. Cross-contamination is another serious problem largely relegated to factory farms, processing monopolies, and industrial food processing plants.
Most recently, Listeria-contaminated sunflower seeds led to the recall of about 100 different food products, including Brown & Haley Mountain Thins trail mix and more than 33,600 pounds of Trader Joe's' broccoli and kale chicken salad.24
That kind of scenario simply could not happen in a small-scale, local food system, and it's precisely why — if you're concerned about food safety — your most effective strategy is to support your local farmers by buying their food and cooking from scratch, rather than buying processed fare and foods imported from all over the globe.

Across the World, Farmland Ownership Is Being Gobbled up by the Few

North Dakota certainly isn't the only place industrial agribusinesses seek to infiltrate and take over. GRAIN, an international non-profit organization that supports small farmers and social movements around the world, has documented more than 490 cases of corporate land grabs over the past decade. These deals cover more than 30 million hectares (74,131,614.3 acres) in 78 countries. According to GRAIN:25
"While some of the worst land grabs have been shelved or toned down, a number of new deals are appearing, many of which are 'hard-core' initiatives to expand the frontiers of industrial agriculture. We say hard-core because these deals are large, long-term and determined to avoid the pitfalls that earlier deals ran into.
Much of the Asian-led oil palm expansion in Africa, and the advance of pension funds and trade conglomerates to secure access to new farmlands, fall into this category.
Increasingly, gaining access to farmland is part of a broader corporate strategy to profit from carbon markets, mineral resources, water resources, seeds, soil and environmental services. As land deals rise and fall, policymakers and corporate boards are hard at work trying to facilitate their success.
Instead of the wild land rush of before, we now have multiple 'frameworks' and 'guidelines' on how to conduct these deals while minimizing social and environmental costs. All of these new rules are voluntary, however, and do more to obfuscate the problem than to solve it.
Many argue that the heightened political attention around land grabbing has helped bring land and agrarian reform back into public debates in parliaments and other legislative fora. But the main objective of regulatory processes is still to formalize land markets and titles, which experience tells us will lead to further concentration of land in the hands of few."

Industrial Farms Are Proliferate Polluters of Soil, Water and Air

I cannot get over the irony of the fact that agriculture is now one of the worst polluters of all industries out there, contaminating not only soil, but air and water as well. For example, according to a report26 by Environment America, Tyson Foods, Inc. is the worst polluter of U.S. waterways, releasing 104.4 million pounds of toxic pollutants into waterways between 2010 and 2014, second only to a steel manufacturing company.
In third place, we have the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD), followed by Cargill and another steel manufacturer. Of the top 15 polluters on this list, six are food companies, commingling with some of the largest chemical producers in the world, including DuPont and BASF.
Even paper and gasoline producers, two industries well-known for their environmental impacts, are cleaner! International Paper and Exxon Mobil are ranked No. 14 and 15 respectively, releasing less than 20 percent of Tyson's toxic emissions into our waterways.
And guess what? Farms are exempt from federal water-pollution regulation.27 This is despite agriculture being the primary reason why America's waterways fail to meet Clean Water Act standards.28,29 (For an interesting story about how an Indiana teen is proposing to tackle nitrogen and phosphorous pollution in Lake Eerie with the use of duckweed, see this June 15 Student Science article.30
Agriculture is also responsible for nearly one-fifth of the entire U.S. carbon footprint, and that still does not include all of the fuel, transport emissions and synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use.31 A 2009 article also pointed out the following:32
 "The Pew Charitable Trust and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conducted a study in 2008 and determined that the U.S. factory farming system is dangerously out of control and that many practices, including animal confinement, and the prophylactic-use of antibiotics and hormones must be phased out. A second study, also in April of 2008, by the Union of Concerned Scientists concluded much the same.
Both studies found that the current factory farming paradigms are simply not sustainable for the land, the drinking water, the confined animals, the rivers, and the oceans, and they are seriously damaging our public health. The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) reminded us that we will be subsidizing these bad farming practices once again on April 15th when we pay our taxes. That is the second payment for 'cheap food.'"[Emphasis mine]
No one in their right mind, or at least no one who has ever experienced a factory farm first-hand or even read a book or watched a video about what's going on, supports CAFOs. That's why corporate agribusiness is working overtime to pass state "Ag Gag" lawsmaking it a crime to take photos of CAFOs.
That's why the beef cartel and Big Food spend hundreds of millions of dollars a year to keep you in the dark not only about CAFOs, but also about whether or not your food contains genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and about the country-of-origin of your food.

Boycott Factory Farm Food System

The time has come to shift the American diet away from unhealthy, polluted and polluting factory farmed food. Factory farms are a disaster, not only for the animals, but also for the communities where manure and chemical fertilizers and pesticides pollute the air, the soil, streams, lakes, rivers and drinking water.
The same goes for gigantic monoculture farms growing mostly GE grains and corn with vast amounts of toxic pesticides and fertilizers. The 2015 edition of "Factory Farm Nation," a report by Food and Water Watch, reveals the many problems with and high cost of factory farming.33

Sunday, June 26, 2016

Coenzyme Q10 and ubiquinol are two vitally important supplements that many are still unaware of.

The Many Health Benefits of Coenzyme Q10 and Ubiquinol

June 26, 2016 |By Dr. Mercola



Coenzyme Q10 and ubiquinol are two vitally important supplements that many are still unaware of. 
Risa Schulman, Ph.D., is a biologist and functional food expert who has spent the last two decades researching these and other supplements.
"I kind of pulled together my love of human physiology, plant physiology and the environment into a lifelong career, looking at how compounds in plants and various natural products can help us to keep our bodies working optimally," she says.
"My mission is to dig into the science and separate the wheat from the chaff ... and then to get the word out to the public as to what the health benefits are, how they can be used, and what things are useful."

Coenzyme Q10 Versus Ubiquinol

Ubiquinol is the reduced version of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10, aka ubiquinone). They're actually the same molecule, but when CoQ10 is reduced it takes on two electrons, which turns it into what we call ubiquinol.
In your body, this conversion occurs thousands of times every second inside your mitochondria — the "engine" of each cell in which energy is produced
"The reason it does this flipping back and forth between these two forms of the molecule is that this is part of the process that helps us to change our food into energy," Schulman explains.
"This is very important to healthy functioning, and obviously important for all muscles, in particular your heart muscle, which works hardest of all the muscles."
In addition to converting food into energy, ubiquinol also has a number of additional functions. For starters, ubiquinol is a lipid-soluble (fat-soluble) antioxidant, meaning it works in the lipid portions of your body, such as your cell membranes. It's one of the very few antioxidants that are fat-soluble.
"Vitamin E is one of the other ones that is very well known. But ubiquinol is actually more powerful than vitamin E, because vitamin E cannot completely lodge itself inside the membrane where all the oxidative activity is happening whereas ubiquinol can."
The second thing that sets ubiquinol apart from other antioxidants is that it can regenerate itself. Vitamin E, for example, cannot. In fact, vitamin E is regenerated by ubiquinol. Ubiquinol is also the only fat-soluble antioxidant that's actually generated within your body and doesn't have to be ingested from your food.

Why Ubiquinol Is a Better Choice for Many

Ubiquinol production ramps up from early childhood up until your mid- to late 20s. By the time you hit the age of 30, it begins to decline. Young people are able to use CoQ10 supplements quite well, but older people do better with ubiquinol as it's more readily absorbed.
According to Schulman, some people cannot convert CoQ10 to ubiquinol at all in their bodies, and they definitely need to use ubiquinol or they won't get any of the benefits.
"If someone takes a CoQ10 supplement, the body very quickly will convert it to ubiquinol, because that's the preferred form. It will transport that CoQ10 through the blood, as ubiquinol, into the tissues and eventually into the mitochondria,"she explains.
“But there are some people who lack the enzyme that helps to convert the CoQ10 to ubiquinol. That could be partly due to aging, but it’s also genetic. There’s something called a single nucleotide polymorphism SNP).
There's a particular SNP that's called NQO1. When a person has either one or two copies of this SNP, their ability to convert CoQ10 is either slightly or severely compromised.
What that means, practically, is that if this person takes a CoQ10 supplement ... their body can't convert it in a way that makes it usable. Those people in particular can benefit very much from taking ubiquinol, instead of ubiquinone."
Research has shown that Hispanic and Chinese populations are especially prone to having this single nucleotide polymorphism. There are also genetic tests you can get that can identify whether you have it.

How to Regenerate CoQ10 Naturally

Interestingly, recent research shows you can improve your body's conversion of CoQ10 to ubiquinol by eating lots of green leafy vegetables, which are loaded with chlorophyll, in combination with sun exposure.
Once chlorophyll is consumed it gets transported into your blood. Then when you expose significant amounts of skin to sunshine, that chlorophyll absorbs the solar radiation and facilitates the conversion of CoQ10 to ubiquinol.
You can also improve absorption of CoQ10 by taking it with a small amount of healthy fat, such as some olive oilcoconut oil, or avocado.

Ubiquinol Combats Free Radicals in Your Mitochondria

About 90 percent or more of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) in your body are produced in your mitochondria. Using the analogy of the mitochondria as an engine, the combustion (metabolism) that takes place in there creates exhaust fumes — damaging byproducts.
One of the functions of ubiquinol is to mop up those byproducts. When ubiquinol is lacking, the byproducts remain and begin damaging the cell. Ubiquinol is particularly beneficial for your heart health, a marker for which is C-reactive protein. When C-reactive protein is elevated it suggests you have a heightened risk for heart disease, as it's a marker for inflammation.
Two other markers for inflammation are gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), which is an early marker of heart failure, and NT-proBNP. There's an association between the levels of these two markers and ubiquinol as well. When ubiquinol is supplemented, both these markers go down and genes associated with them are downregulated.

The Case for a Healthy High-Fat Diet

Over the past 15 years, scientists have begun to recognize that ROS are not 100 percent bad. They're also important signaling molecules. If you indiscriminately suppress them you can actually run into complications with the Law of Unintended Consequences. In my view, a wise strategy is to simply feed your body a cleaner fuel to suppress excess ROS generation.
To continue the analogy of your mitochondria being an engine, to prevent pollution you want to use a cleaner-burning fuel. Glucose is an inherently "dirty" fuel that generates lots of ROS, whereas healthy dietary fats, including saturated fats, burn much cleaner and more efficiently.
In fact, burning carbohydrates is associated with a 30 to 40 percent increased production of ROS compared to burning fat. It makes a lot of sense that if you produce fewer ROS to begin with, then you don't have to be as careful about supplying your body with antioxidants. (Personally, I have some concern over indiscriminate use of antioxidants, but not necessarily ubiquinol.)
“Counter to how we’ve all been trained to think in the last years, regarding the free radical theory of aging, you don’t want to suppress it all the time,” Schulman says. “In fact, free radicals actually play a very critical positive role in the body because they turn on various very important functions.
Nitric oxide, for example, has free radical properties. It's a critical signaling molecule and is also critical for the health of your arteries. I haven't read anything in the literature regarding whether there's a discriminating or non-discriminating suppression of reactive oxygen species by ubiquinol in the mitochondria.
But my understanding of the biochemistry and the bioenergetics that are happening there leads me to believe that it's more of a random process."
Another strategy you could use to reduce the production of excess ROS involves the timing of your last meal of the day. Many make the mistake of eating a large meal before they go to bed.
By supplying your body fuel at a time when very little is needed leads to the generation of excess ROS that then must be countered with antioxidants. Avoiding food for at least three hours or more before bedtime can take the load off your body by preventing excess ROS production in the first place.
Finally, making sure you are not overloaded with iron is another powerful strategy. Believe me, iron overload is every bit as dangerous as vitamin D deficiency. If you are an adult male or non-menstruating woman then you are at high risk. 
Please make sure you get your ferritin level checked and confirm that the level is below 80 nanograms (ng)/milliliters (ml), preferably between 40 and 60 ng/ml. If it is higher than that then it is imperative that you regularly donate your blood or have therapeutic phlebotomies to get it in that range.

Statin Users Are in Dire Need of CoQ10

At least 1 in 4 American adults over the age of 40 are currently taking a statin drug to lower their cholesterol. Soon that number is expected to reach 1 in 3. Statins work by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, which is one of the facilitators of your body's production of cholesterol. But statins also impair production of CoQ10, and the resulting depletion can have very severe consequences.
"This is a very important topic," Schulman says. "Many who take statins have the side effects of muscle pain, fatigue and memory loss — to such a point that compliance becomes an issue; people don't want to be on statins anymore. It's been documented and recognized medically that these are real effects and that they're due to the statins. What's actually happening? The way a statin works is that it blocks your body's production of cholesterol.
We're always thinking about cholesterol from the diet ... Most people don't realize that cholesterol in the body comes from two places: from the diet and from your internal production of cholesterol. Cholesterol is quite important to your body, because cholesterol is one of the major components of cell membranes. It's also the precursor for all the sex hormones. It's not all bad. It's just bad when there's too much and that depends on what kind as well."
Besides shutting down your body's ability to produce ubiquinol, statin drugs also shut down the conversion of vitamin K1 to vitamin K2, which is critically important in many body functions, including heart health.
Impairing these three pathways — the production of cholesterol and CoQ10, and the vitamin K1 to K2 conversion — has adverse effects on the production of energy and on cardiovascular health, and here's why: when you reduce your ubiquinol levels, the conversion of your food to energy becomes less efficient, which leads to lower energy, fatigue and muscle pains.
And the longer you're on a statin drug, the more ubiquinol-starved your body becomes and the more severe the side effects become. Recently published papers have also detailed the cardiovascular repercussions of statins. As it turns out, they actually end up causing many of the disease endpoints the drugs promised to prevent. But that's not all!

Statins Severely Compromise Your Metabolism

As mentioned, one of the most rational strategies to reduce ROS production is to burn clean fuel. Ultimately, that results from eating a diet high in healthy high-quality fats. When fat is metabolized, ketones are created — a fat-soluble molecule that is readily burned in the mitochondria without causing the production of excess ROS.
Ketones are produced in the liver, and the enzyme that produces ketones is the same that produces cholesterol, namely HMG-CoA reductase. So when you're taking a statin drug, you also severely diminish your liver's ability to make ketones, thereby compromising your ability to benefit from a clean fuel (fat). In short, your metabolism becomes severely compromised.
Even if you're taking vitamin K2 and ubiquinol, you still have to address the fact that you cannot make ketones, because you cannot take a ketone supplement. Ultimately, this has cardiovascular consequences as well, because your heart is the most mitochondrial-dense tissue in your body. If you deprive your cardiac tissue of fuel, by definition you impair your cardiovascular health.

Ubiquinol Benefits Heart Failure Patients

Heart failure is nearly at epidemic levels. There's a specific physiological condition called diastolic dysfunction where your ventricle hardens. As a result, your heart cannot properly refill with blood during diastole. This can eventually progress to heart failure. Unfortunately, many who have this condition don't even know it. There are markers that can be used to screen for it though, including NT-proBNP and GGT.
"There are a couple of papers out there now that talk about actual physician experience with patients with heart failure. They had some of these patients on CoQ10, and then they ended up switching to ubiquinol because of the better absorption. But the bottom line is that they saw a reversal in the New York Heart Association class.
That's the New York Heart Association's way of rating the severity of the disease. They see reductions in the severity of the disease. They see improvement in the ejection fraction, which is a measure of how well the heart is working in patients ... This is one of the other fantastic benefits of ubiquinol and something that both doctors and patients should know about,"Schulman says.
I personally think all heart failure patients should be on ubiquinol. To me, failure to do so is medical negligence. When it comes to heart health, a more general benefit is that ubiquinol also acts as an antioxidant in your blood, where it prevents the oxidation of LDL cholesterol, thereby helping prevent atherosclerosis. This is another important heart health function of ubiquinol.

Suggested Dosing Recommendations

Dosing requirements will vary depending on your individual situation and needs, but some general guidelines can still be made. As a general rule, the sicker you are, the more you need. According to Schulman, the highest amount she's seen used in a research setting was 600 milligrams (mg) per day, and that was for severely ill people.
If you're just starting out with ubiquinol, start with 200 to 300 mg per day. Within three weeks, your plasma levels will typically plateau to its optimum level. After that, you can go down to a 100 mg/day maintenance dose. This dose is typically sufficient for healthy people. If you have an active lifestyle, exercise a lot, or are under a lot of stress due to your job or "life" in general, you may want to increase your dose to 200 to 300 mg/day.
Remember, if you're on a statin drug you MUST take at least 100 to 200 mg of ubiquinol or CoQ10 per day, or more. To address heart failure and/or other significant heart problems you may need around 350 mg per day or more. Ideally, you'll want to work with your physician to ascertain your ideal dose. Your doctor can do a blood test to measure your CoQ10 levels, which would tell you whether your dose is high enough to keep you within a healthy range.
CoQ10 (or ubiquinol) is also appropriate for those with other chronic diseases besides heart problems, such as diabetes, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), chronic fatigue and autism for example. Ideally, you'll want to split the dose up to two or three times a day, rather than taking it all at once, as this will result in higher blood levels.
Other dosing guidelines, as presented by Dr. Stephen Sinatra (a board-certified cardiologist, and a prominent expert in the field of natural cardiology) include:
Hypertension, 200 mg/day
World class athletes who need extra ATP turnover, 300 to 600 mg/day
Heart transplant or severe congestive heart failure (CHF), 300 to 600 mg/day in divided doses
Arrhythmia, 200 mg/day
Typical athletes, 100 to 300 mg/day
Mitral valve prolapse, a combination of 400 mg magnesium and 100 to 200 mg of ubiquinol